de-DEen-GB
 
rss

Just can't get enough of IT

This blog is about mostly anything in IT. But the primary focuses are Microsoft Technologies like Exchange, Office 365, Azure and Cloud Security.

Issue

When a SharePoint list is being email enabled the Central Administration service accounts creates a new contact object in Active Directory. The object attributes configured by SharePoint are fully sufficient for the Exchange transport routing engine when addressed directly. Which means that a new email sent to the email address of the email enabled list is routed to SharePoint.

However, when the contact has been added to an Exchange distribution list, the Exchange routing engine will not resolve the contact object. You won't see any information on this situation in the Exchange message tracking log.

Solution

The solution is pretty simple but require the intervention of an Exchange administrator. Execute the following on the mail contact object:

Get-Contact CONTACTNAME | Set-Contact

The use of Set-Contact without any additonal parameters forces Exchange to validate the currently exisiting attributes and the follow four attributes:

  • legacyExchangeDN
  • msExchUMDtmfMap
  • proxyAddresses
  • textEncodedORAddress

Now the mail contact object is a fully routable member or the Exchange organization.

Blame it on SharePoint, not Exchange.

Enjoy Exchange.

 

Read More »

Description

This script fetches the disk volume (Win32_Volume) information via WMI and shows the results in the PowerShell command line window. Optionally, you can have the report sent as an Html email to a recipient of your choice.

The switch -AllExchangeServer simplifies gathering the disk volume information across all Exchange servers in your environment.

The following screenshot shows the command line output when using

.\Get-Diskpace.ps1 -ComputerName MYSERVER

Get-Diskspace command line output

The following screenshot shows an example of the html email output when using

.\Get-Diskpace.ps1 -ComputerName MYSERVER -SendMail -MailFrom postmaster@sedna-inc.com -MailTo exchangeadmin@sedna-inc.com -MailServer mail.sedna-inc.com

Get-Diskspace email example

Examples

# EXAMPLE 1
# Get disk information from computer MYSERVER in MB

Get-Diskpace.ps1 -ComputerName MYSERVER -Unit MB

# EXAMPLE 2
# Get disk information from all Exchange servers and send html email

Get-Diskpace.ps1 -AllExchangeServer -SendMail -MailFrom postmaster@sedna-inc.com -MailTo exchangeadmin@sedna-inc.com -MailServer mail.sedna-inc.com

Version History

  • 1.0, Initial community release
  • 1.1,  Email reports added
  • 1.11, Send email issue fixed
  • 1.12, PowerShell hygiene applied

Links

Follow

Additional Note

This Powershell script has been optimized using the ISESteroids™ add-on. Learn more about ISESteroids™ here.

Read More »

Troubleshooting Outlook connectivity issues with Office 365 is tricky. Administrators can use two valuable tools provided by Microsoft to identify and even fix client related connectivity issues.

1. Outlook Account Test Page

Start with the Outlook account problems test page in the Office 365 portal. You need to log on as the Office 365 user having issues.

SARA Server

The site tests for the following:

  • You cannot create an Outlook profile or you are asked for your password repeatedly when creating one.
  • You cannot connect to your mailbox or receive an error that a mailbox cannot be found.
  • You are getting invalid license errors or messages that Office cannot verify the license.

If no issues are identified after you've logged on to Office 365, move to the next step.

2. Support and Recovery Assistant

The Microsoft Support and Recovery Assistant (SARA) for Office 365 is click to run tool that is installed and executed locally.

Support and Recovery Assistant (SARA)

These two tools fix most of the Outlook connectivity issues you are facing as an Office 365 administrator.

Links

 

Enjoy Office 365

Read More »

This is a wrap-up of an older post that had originally been published on my former website.

Even though that this post focusses on Exchange 2010 transport agents, you will get an understand on what is required to create an Exchange 2013/2016 aka Version 15 transport agent.

Visual Studio Project

Writing your own transport agent for Exchange 2010 is not really complicated. With a Visual Studio C# Class project you are ready to go.

The follow picture shows the Visual Studio Solution as it has been used for the Message Modifier Solution.

Visual Studio Solution

Besides the C# class the solution contains the following Powershell script to simplify development and deployment:

  • Add-TransportAgent.ps1
    Installs the transport agent on the productive Exchange Server
  • Remove-TransportAgent.ps1
    Uninstalls the transport agent on the productive Exchange Server
    See Technet Gallery https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Remove-a-custom-Exchange-1cd30e92
  • Build-DeploymentPackage.ps1
    Copy all required DLLs, Powershell scripts and the deployment configuration file to a dedicated folder
  • install.ps1
    Installs the transport agent on the development Exchange Server
  • uninstall.ps1
    Uninstalls the transport agent on the development Exchange Server

The transport agent intercepts a message from a given sender address and performs the following actions:

  • If the message has attachments with file names starting with "WORKBOOK_" the attachments are renamed to the following format:

    [yyyyMMdd] [EMAIL SUBJECT]-[NUMBER].[ORIGINAL EXTENSION]
     
  • The subject is rewritten from the format

    [dd.MM.yyyy] [SUBJECT TEXT]
    to
    [yyyyMMdd] [SUBJECT TEXT]

 

Links

Code Sample

// AttachmentModify  
// ----------------------------------------------------------  
// Example for intercepting email messages in an Exchange 2010 transport queue  
//   
// The example intercepts messages sent from a configurable email address(es)  
// and checks the mail message for attachments have filename in to format  
//   
//      WORKBOOK_{GUID}  
//  
// Changing the filename of the attachments makes it easier for the information worker  
// to identify the reports in the emails and in the file system as well.  
// Copyright (c) Thomas Stensitzki
// ----------------------------------------------------------  
  
using System;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.Diagnostics;  
using System.Globalization;  
using System.IO;  
using System.Reflection;  
using System.Text;  
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;  
using System.Threading;  
using System.Xml;  
  
// the lovely Exchange   
using Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Transport;  
using Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Transport.Smtp;  
using Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Transport.Email;  
using Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Transport.Routing;  
  
namespace SFTools.Messaging.AttachmentModify  
{  
    #region Message Modifier Factory  
  
    /// <summary>  
    /// Message Modifier Factory  
    /// </summary>  
    public class MessageModifierFactory : RoutingAgentFactory  
    {  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Instance of our transport agent configuration  
        /// This is for a later implementation  
        /// </summary>  
        private MessageModifierConfig messageModifierConfig = new MessageModifierConfig();  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Returns an instance of the agent  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <param name="server">The SMTP Server</param>  
        /// <returns>The Transport Agent</returns>  
        public override RoutingAgent CreateAgent(SmtpServer server)  
        {  
            return new MessageModifier(messageModifierConfig);  
        }  
    }  
 
    #endregion  
 
    #region Message Modifier Routing Agent  
      
    /// <summary>  
    /// The Message Modifier Routing Agent for modifying an email message  
    /// </summary>  
    public class MessageModifier : RoutingAgent  
    {  
        // The agent uses the fileLock object to synchronize access to the log file  
        private object fileLock = new object();  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// The current MailItem the transport agent is handling  
        /// </summary>  
        private MailItem mailItem;  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// This context to allow Exchange to continue processing a message  
        /// </summary>  
        private AgentAsyncContext agentAsyncContext;  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Transport agent configuration  
        /// </summary>  
        private MessageModifierConfig messageModifierConfig;  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Constructor for the MessageModifier class  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <param name="messageModifierConfig">Transport Agent configuration</param>  
        public MessageModifier(MessageModifierConfig messageModifierConfig)  
        {  
            // Set configuration  
            this.messageModifierConfig = messageModifierConfig;  
  
            // Register an OnRoutedMessage event handler  
            this.OnRoutedMessage += OnRoutedMessageHandler;  
        }  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Event handler for OnRoutedMessage event  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <param name="source">Routed Message Event Source</param>  
        /// <param name="args">Queued Message Event Arguments</param>  
        void OnRoutedMessageHandler(RoutedMessageEventSource source, QueuedMessageEventArgs args)  
        {  
            lock (fileLock) {  
                try {  
                    this.mailItem = args.MailItem;  
                    this.agentAsyncContext = this.GetAgentAsyncContext();  
  
                    // Get the folder for accessing the config file  
                    string dllDir = Path.GetDirectoryName(Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().Location);  
  
                    // Fetch the from address from the current mail item  
                    RoutingAddress fromAddress = this.mailItem.FromAddress;  
  
                    Boolean boWorkbookFound = false;    // We just want to modifiy subjects when we modified an attachement first  
 
                    #region External Receive Connector Example  
  
                    // CHeck first, if the mail item does have a ReceiveConnectorName property first to prevent ugly things to happen  
                    if (mailItem.Properties.ContainsKey("Microsoft.Exchange.Transport.ReceiveConnectorName")) {  
                        // This is just an example, if you want to do something with a mail item which has been received via a named external receive connector  
                        if (mailItem.Properties["Microsoft.Exchange.Transport.ReceiveConnectorName"].ToString().ToLower() == "externalreceiveconnectorname")  
                        {  
                            // do something fancy with the email  
                        }  
                    }  
 
                    #endregion  
  
                    RoutingAddress catchAddress;  
  
                    // Check, if we have any email addresses configured to look for  
                    if (this.messageModifierConfig.AddressMap.Count > 0) {  
                        // Now lets check, if the sender address can be found in the dictionary  
                        if (this.messageModifierConfig.AddressMap.TryGetValue(fromAddress.ToString().ToLower(), out catchAddress)) {  
                            // Sender address found, now check if we have attachments to handle  
                            if (this.mailItem.Message.Attachments.Count != 0) {  
                                // Get all attachments  
                                AttachmentCollection attachments = this.mailItem.Message.Attachments;  
  
                                // Modify each attachment  
                                for (int count = 0; count < this.mailItem.Message.Attachments.Count; count++) {  
                                    // Get attachment  
                                    Attachment attachment = this.mailItem.Message.Attachments[count];  
  
                                    // We will only transform attachments which start with "WORKBOOK_"  
                                    if (attachment.FileName.StartsWith("WORKBOOK_")) {  
                                        // Create a new filename for the attachment  
                                        // [MODIFIED SUBJECT]-[NUMBER].[FILEEXTENSION]  
                                        String newFileName = MakeValidFileName(string.Format("{0}-{1}{2}", ModifiySubject(this.mailItem.Message.Subject.Trim()), count + 1, Path.GetExtension(attachment.FileName)));  
  
                                        // Change the filename of the attachment  
                                        this.mailItem.Message.Attachments[count].FileName = newFileName;  
  
                                        // Yes we have changed the attachment. Therefore we want to change the subject as well.  
                                        boWorkbookFound = true;  
                                    }  
                                }  
  
                                // Have changed any attachments?  
                                if (boWorkbookFound) {  
                                    // Then let's change the subject as well  
                                    this.mailItem.Message.Subject = ModifiySubject(this.mailItem.Message.Subject);  
                                }  
                            }  
                        }  
                    }  
                }  
                catch (System.IO.IOException ex) {  
                    // oops  
                    Debug.WriteLine(ex.ToString());  
                    this.agentAsyncContext.Complete();  
                }  
                finally {  
                    // We are done  
                    this.agentAsyncContext.Complete();  
                }  
            }  
  
            // Return to pipeline  
            return;  
        }  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Build a new subject, if the first 10 chars of the original subject are a valid date.  
        /// We muste transform the de-DE format dd.MM.yyyy to yyyyMMdd for better sortability in the email client.  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <param name="MessageSubject">The original subject string</param>  
        /// <returns>The modified subject string, if modification was possible</returns>  
        private static string ModifiySubject(string MessageSubject)  
        {  
            string newSubject = String.Empty;  
  
            if (MessageSubject.Length >= 10) {  
                string dateCheck = MessageSubject.Substring(0, 10);  
                DateTime dt = new DateTime();  
                try {  
                    // Check if we can parse the datetime  
                    if (DateTime.TryParse(dateCheck, out dt)) {  
                        // lets fetch the subject starting at the 10th character  
                        string subjectRight = MessageSubject.Substring(10).Trim();  
                        // build a new subject  
                        newSubject = string.Format("{0:yyyyMMdd} {1}", dt, subjectRight);  
                    }  
                }  
                finally {  
                    // do nothing  
                }  
            }  
  
            return newSubject;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Replace invalid filename chars with an underscore  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <param name="name">The filename to be checked</param>  
        /// <returns>The sanitized filename</returns>  
        private static string MakeValidFileName(string name)  
        {  
            string invalidChars = Regex.Escape(new string(Path.GetInvalidFileNameChars()));  
            string invalidRegExStr = string.Format(@"[{0}]+", invalidChars);  
            return Regex.Replace(name, invalidRegExStr, "_");  
        }  
  
    }  
 
    #endregion  
 
    #region Message Modifier Configuration  
  
    /// <summary>  
    /// Message Modifier Configuration class  
    /// </summary>  
    public class MessageModifierConfig  
    {  
        /// <summary>  
        ///  The name of the configuration file.  
        /// </summary>  
        private static readonly string configFileName = "SFTools.MessageModify.Config.xml";  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Point out the directory with the configuration file (= assembly location)  
        /// </summary>  
        private string configDirectory;  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// The filesystem watcher to monitor configuration file updates.  
        /// </summary>  
        private FileSystemWatcher configFileWatcher;  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// The from address  
        /// </summary>  
        private Dictionary<string, RoutingAddress> addressMap;  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Whether reloading is ongoing  
        /// </summary>  
        private int reLoading = 0;  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// The mapping between domain to catchall address.  
        /// </summary>  
        public Dictionary<string, RoutingAddress> AddressMap  
        {  
            get { return this.addressMap; }  
        }  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Constructor  
        /// </summary>  
        public MessageModifierConfig()  
        {  
            // Setup a file system watcher to monitor the configuration file  
            this.configDirectory = Path.GetDirectoryName(Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().Location);  
            this.configFileWatcher = new FileSystemWatcher(this.configDirectory);  
            this.configFileWatcher.NotifyFilter = NotifyFilters.LastWrite;  
            this.configFileWatcher.Filter = configFileName;  
            this.configFileWatcher.Changed += new FileSystemEventHandler(this.OnChanged);  
  
            // Create an initially empty map  
            this.addressMap = new Dictionary<string, RoutingAddress>();  
  
            // Load the configuration  
            this.Load();  
  
            // Now start monitoring  
            this.configFileWatcher.EnableRaisingEvents = true;  
        }  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Configuration changed handler.  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <param name="source">Event source.</param>  
        /// <param name="e">Event arguments.</param>  
        private void OnChanged(object source, FileSystemEventArgs e)  
        {  
            // Ignore if load ongoing  
            if (Interlocked.CompareExchange(ref this.reLoading, 1, 0) != 0) {  
                Trace.WriteLine("load ongoing: ignore");  
                return;  
            }  
  
            // (Re) Load the configuration  
            this.Load();  
  
            // Reset the reload indicator  
            this.reLoading = 0;  
        }  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// Load the configuration file. If any errors occur, does nothing.  
        /// </summary>  
        private void Load()  
        {  
            // Load the configuration  
            XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();  
            bool docLoaded = false;  
            string fileName = Path.Combine(this.configDirectory, MessageModifierConfig.configFileName);  
  
            try {  
                doc.Load(fileName);  
                docLoaded = true;  
            }  
            catch (FileNotFoundException) {  
                Trace.WriteLine("Configuration file not found: {0}", fileName);  
            }  
            catch (XmlException e) {  
                Trace.WriteLine("XML error: {0}", e.Message);  
            }  
            catch (IOException e) {  
                Trace.WriteLine("IO error: {0}", e.Message);  
            }  
  
            // If a failure occured, ignore and simply return  
            if (!docLoaded || doc.FirstChild == null) {  
                Trace.WriteLine("Configuration error: either no file or an XML error");  
                return;  
            }  
  
            // Create a dictionary to hold the mappings  
            Dictionary<string, RoutingAddress> map = new Dictionary<string, RoutingAddress>(100);  
  
            // Track whether there are invalid entries  
            bool invalidEntries = false;  
  
            // Validate all entries and load into a dictionary  
            foreach (XmlNode node in doc.FirstChild.ChildNodes) {  
                if (string.Compare(node.Name, "domain", true, CultureInfo.InvariantCulture) != 0) {  
                    continue;  
                }  
  
                XmlAttribute domain = node.Attributes["name"];  
                XmlAttribute address = node.Attributes["address"];  
  
                // Validate the data  
                if (domain == null || address == null) {  
                    invalidEntries = true;  
                    Trace.WriteLine("Reject configuration due to an incomplete entry. (Either or both domain and address missing.)");  
                    break;  
                }  
  
                if (!RoutingAddress.IsValidAddress(address.Value)) {  
                    invalidEntries = true;  
                    Trace.WriteLine(String.Format("Reject configuration due to an invalid address ({0}).", address));  
                    break;  
                }  
  
                // Add the new entry  
                string lowerDomain = domain.Value.ToLower();  
                map[lowerDomain] = new RoutingAddress(address.Value);  
  
                Trace.WriteLine(String.Format("Added entry ({0} -> {1})", lowerDomain, address.Value));  
            }  
  
            // If there are no invalid entries, swap in the map  
            if (!invalidEntries) {  
                Interlocked.Exchange<Dictionary<string, RoutingAddress>>(ref this.addressMap, map);  
                Trace.WriteLine("Accepted configuration");  
            }  
        }  
    }  
     #endregion  
} 

 

 

Read More »