You have an Exchange Server 2016 organization and plan to upgrade to Cumulative Update 10. You log on to an Exchange Server, activate DAG maintenance and prepare the Server Component States for installing the new Cumulative Update.
You open an elevated PowerShell Session and start the Setup using
./Setup.exe /Mode:Upgrade /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms
Out of a sudden the Exchange Server CU Setup fails while executing setup step Stopping Services with an error:
Microsoft Exchange Server 2016 Cumulative Update 10 Unattended Setup
File copy complete. Setup will now collect additional information needed for installation.
Mailbox role: Transport service
Mailbox role: Client Access service
Mailbox role: Unified Messaging service
Mailbox role: Mailbox service
Mailbox role: Front End Transport service
Mailbox role: Client Access Front End service
Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check
Configuring Prerequisites COMPLETED
Prerequisite Analysis COMPLETED
Configuring Microsoft Exchange Server
Preparing Setup COMPLETED
Stopping Services FAILED
The following error was generated when "$error.Clear();
& $RoleBinPath\ServiceControl.ps1 -Operation:DisableServices
-Roles:($RoleRoles.Replace('Role','').Split(',')) -SetupScriptsDirectory:$RoleBinPath; &
$RoleBinPath\ServiceControl.ps1 -Operation:Stop -Roles:($RoleRoles.Replace('Role','').Split(','))
" was run: "Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.ProcessCommandException: Cannot stop
process "fms (2496)" because of the following error: Access is denied ---> System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception: Access
at System.Diagnostics.ProcessManager.OpenProcess(Int32 processId, Int32 access, Boolean throwIfExited)
at System.Diagnostics.Process.GetProcessHandle(Int32 access, Boolean throwIfExited)
End of inner exception stack trace ---".
The Exchange Server setup operation didn't complete. More details can be found in ExchangeSetup.log located in the
Why would an error like Access Denied happen while executing the Setup.exe as a member of the local Administrators security group from within an elevated PowerShell session?
The PowerShell code executed as part of the CU Setup sets the startup type of Exchange and some Windows services to Disabled. This ensures that in the case of a server reboot an automatic start of the service will not interfere partially executed the setup. After setting the startup type to Disabled the services are stopped.
The services are controlled by the ServiceControl.ps1 script which is located on the Exchange Server installation media in \Setup\ServerRoles\Common\.
The function StopServices stops services using the Stop-Service cmdlet. Due to some timing issues some services are stopped by killing the running processes using Stop-Process -Force.
The services stopped by stopping the running process are:
Executing the Stop-Process cmdlet results in the Access Denied error.
The issue is related to fact that the user account logged on the server and executing the Exchange Server Cumulatice Update does not have the local User Rights Assignment to Debug Programs.
By default the right to debug programs is assigned to the local Adminstrators security group. In secured Active Directory infrastructures the user rights assignments and local security groups are often managed using Group Policy Objects (GPO). The GPOs manage the names of local security groups, group memberships and even user rights assignments.
The client encountering the issue described above hasn't had any issues installing Cumulative Updates for Exchange Server 2013 in the past. So this is solution is related to the setup of Exchange Server 2016 Cumulative Updates on Windows Server 2016 only. If you have any information regarding Exchange Server 2013, let me know using the comments section below.
Enjoy Exchange Server!